Volume 13, Issue 1 (January & February 2022)                   BCN 2022, 13(1): 97-106 | Back to browse issues page

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Haghparast A, Rashvand M. Role of the Orexinergic System Within the Ventral Tegmental Area in the Development of Sensitization to Morphine Induced by Lateral Hypothalamus Stimulation. BCN. 2022; 13 (1) :97-106
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1955-en.html
1- School of Dentistry, International Branch of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: The Lateral Hypothalamus (LH) has long been known to implicate the addictive behaviors of drug abuse. The Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) is a major area of the mesolimbic system that is strongly involved in developing morphine sensitization. The current study aimed to examine the role of intra-VTA orexin receptors in the LH stimulation-induced sensitization to the antinociceptive response of morphine. 
Methods: A total of 114 adult male Wistar rats underwent unilateral implantation of two separate cannulae in the LH and VTA using the stereotaxic apparatus. Intra-VTA administration of the Orexin-1 (OX1) and Orexin-2 (OX2) receptor antagonists, SB334867 and TCS OX2 29 (1, 3, and 10 nM/0.3 μL DMSO), respectively, was performed 5 min before concurrent microinjection of carbachol (250 nM/0.5 μL saline) into the LH and an ineffective dose of morphine (0.5 mg/kg; SC) during a 3-day sensitization period. After a 5-day free drug period, on the ninth day, for assessing the morphine sensitization, the nociceptive response was measured before and after morphine injection (1 mg/kg; SC) using the tail-flick test. 
Results: The results revealed that the concurrent administration of carbachol (250 nM) and an ineffective dose of morphine significantly induced morphine sensitization. Besides, the blockade of OX1 and OX2 receptors within the VTA before intra-LH carbachol injection attenuated morphine sensitization. 
Conclusion: These findings suggest that LH stimulation potentiates the sensitization to morphine antinociceptive responses via affecting orexin receptors located in the VTA. However, OX1 receptors contribute more than OX2 receptors in the VTA to morphine sensitization in rats. 
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2020/10/5 | Accepted: 2020/10/8 | Published: 2022/01/1

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