Volume 10, Issue 4 (July & August 2019)                   BCN 2019, 10(4): 373-382 | Back to browse issues page

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Azizbeigi R, Farzinpour Z, Haghparast A. Role of Orexin-1 Receptor Within the Ventral Tegmental Area in Mediating Stress- and Morphine Priming-induced Reinstatement of Conditioned Place Preference in Rats. BCN 2019; 10 (4) :373-382
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1107-en.html
1- Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran.
2- CAS Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China.
3- Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: Orexin-containing neurons exist in the lateral hypothalamic region, sending their projections toward mesolimbic regions such as the Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA).
Methods: In the current study, a Reinstatement model is used to examine the effects of intra-VTA administration of SB334867 as an Orexin-1 Receptor (OX1R) antagonist on drug priming- and Forced Swim Stress (FSS)-induced reinstatement of morphine. Eighty-eight male adult albino Wistar rats, weighing 200-280 g, were bilaterally implanted by cannulas into the VTA. We induced the Conditioned Place Preference (CPP) by Subcutaneous (SC) injection of morphine (5 mg/kg) daily in three days. Then, the CPP score was calculated. After a 24-h “off” period following achievement of extinction criterion, the rats were tested for drug priming-induced reinstatement by a priming dose of morphine (1 mg/kg, SC) and for FSS-induced reinstatement 10 min after FSS. In the next experiments, the animals received different doses of intra-VTA administration of SB334867 (0.3, 3, and 1 nM/0.3 µL 12% DMSO per side) and bilaterally were subsequently tested for FSS- and morphine priming-induced reinstatement.
Results: Our findings indicated that the FSS could induce the reinstatement of seeking behaviors. Furthermore, intra-VTA administration of OX1R antagonists suppressed FSS- and drug priming-induced reinstatement dose-dependently.
Conclusion: It is concluded that FSS and drug priming-induced reinstatement might be mediated, at least in part, by stimulation of orexin receptors in the VTA.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2018/01/8 | Accepted: 2018/09/24 | Published: 2019/07/1

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