Volume 14, Issue 5 (September & October 2023)                   BCN 2023, 14(5): 701-712 | Back to browse issues page

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Thapliyal S, Garg N, Joshi R, Chakrabarti A, Medhi B. Pentylenetetrazole Induced Kindling Model of Refractory Epilepsy: A Proof-of-concept Study to Explore Dose and Time Range of Phenobarbital in Rats. BCN 2023; 14 (5) :701-712
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2373-en.html
1- Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.
Introduction: Drug-resistant epilepsy is an unmet medical condition that impacts 30% of epileptic patients. Numerous antiseizure drugs have already been developed but they provide only symptomatic relief and do not target the underlying pathogenesis. Preclinical models provide opportunities to gain insights into obscure mechanisms of drug-resistant epilepsy. Current animal models possess lacunae that need rectification and validation to discover novel antiepileptic drugs. The present study aims to validate 3 different doses of phenobarbital at 2 different periods.
Methods: Pentylenetetrazole was given at a sub-convulsive dose (30 mg/kg/day/intraperitoneal [IP]) for 28 days to develop kindling in male Wistar rats. Further, kindled rats were divided into the following four groups: Pentylenetetrazole control, pentylenetetrazole and phenobarbital (20 mg/kg), pentylenetetrazole and phenobarbital 40 mg/kg, and pentylenetetrazole and phenobarbital (60 mg/kg). They were assessed on days 14 and 28 post-kindling. Seizure scoring, oxidative stress, phenobarbital plasma levels, and histopathology of hippocampal neurons were analyzed.
Results: The results showed that the combination of pentylenetetrazole and phenobarbital (40 and 60 mg/kg) remarkably decreased seizure score, elucidated higher antioxidant effect, and prevented neuronal injury on day 14, whereas increased seizure score, oxidative stress, and neuronal death was observed with chronic administration of pentylenetetrazole and phenobarbital in kindled rats at day 28. Moreover, phenobarbital levels in blood were significantly increased at day 28 of phenobarbital treatment compared to day 14.
Conclusion: The adapted protocol with phenobarbital 40 mg/kg dose could be of great potential in screening antiseizure drugs in refractory epilepsy.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2021/12/20 | Accepted: 2022/03/9 | Published: 2023/09/1

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