Volume 14, Issue 3 (May & Jun 2023)                   BCN 2023, 14(3): 431-442 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khalifeh S, Tirbakhsh Goura S, Asadi S, Asadi E, Maleki A, Khodagholi F, et al . Paternal Aggression in Early-life Impairs the Spatial Memory and Passive Avoidance Learning in Adulthood of Male Rats: The Possible Role of DRD2. BCN 2023; 14 (3) :431-442
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2184-en.html
1- Cognitive and Neuroscience Research Center (CNRC),Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Neurobiology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Neuroscience Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: Negative early-life experiences (e.g. having an aggressive father) can leave long-lastingimpacts on the behavior. However, it is not clear if they influence learning and memory. 
Methods: In this study, we investigated the influences that the presence of an aggressive father had on the level of passive avoidance learning and spatial memory. We also studied the changes in the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-α (PGC-1α) gene expression in the hippocampus. Then, we evaluated if a DRD2 antagonist (sulpiride, 0.125, 0.25, or 0.5 μg/rat) could modulate these changes. 
Results: We found that the subjects exposed to early-life stress made by aggressive fathers had impaired passive avoidance learning and spatial memory compared to subjects with normal fathers. Treatment with sulpiride improved passive avoidance learning and spatial memory in rats with aggressive fathers. The rats with aggressive fathers also had higher expression of the DRD2 gene in their hippocampus than those with normal fathers, while the PGC-1α gene expression was not different among groups. Treatment with sulpiride (0.125, 0.25, or 0.5 μg/rat) reduced the DRD2 gene expression in those with aggressive fathers to the normal level compared to those with normal fathers. 
Conclusion: These data suggest that having and living in a shared place with an aggressive father, even without any physical contact, can detrimentally affect passive avoidance learning and spatial memory which is accompanied by the increased expression of the DRD2 gene. Also, sulpiride as a dopaminergic antagonist could reverse this process.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2021/06/10 | Accepted: 2021/10/9 | Published: 2023/05/8

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Basic and Clinical Neuroscience

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb