Volume 14, Issue 3 (May & Jun 2023)                   BCN 2023, 14(3): 411-418 | Back to browse issues page

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Narmashiri A, Hatami J, Khosrowabadi R, Sohrabi A. The Role of Cognitive Control in Paranormal Beliefs: A Study Based on Performance in Go/No-go Task. BCN 2023; 14 (3) :411-418
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2052-en.html
1- Institute of Cognitive Sciences Studies, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Education, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.
Introduction: Cognitive control plays a role in human behavior and mental processes and affects paranormal beliefs. This study aims to investigate the role of cognitive control in paranormal beliefs using the go/no-go task.
Methods: A total of 92 people were selected based on low, middle, and high scores in the revised paranormal belief scale (R-PBS) and assigned to 3 groups. The groups included 30 severe paranormal believers (13 females with a mean age of 25.3 years), 31 mild paranormal believers (14 females with a mean age of 26.4 years), and 31 skeptics (16 females with a mean age of 25.8 years). All participants were tested on the go/no-go task. A multivariate analysis of variance was conducted with the given groups (severe paranormal believers, mild paranormal believers, and skeptics) as the independent variable and the go/no-go subscales scores as dependent variables.
Results: The findings showed a significant difference between the mean scores in errors of go (F(2, 89)=7.20, P=0.01), errors of no-go (F(2, 89)=11.81, P=0.01), and reaction time (F(2, 89)=21.46, P=0.01) between the groups.
Conclusion: The severe and mild paranormal believers had lower accuracy and slower reaction times than the skeptics group. Therefore, severe paranormal believers and mild paranormal believers had a weakness in all go/no-go subscale scores. This finding suggests that paranormal beliefs may be related to poor cognitive control. 
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cognitive Neuroscience
Received: 2021/01/4 | Accepted: 2021/01/31 | Published: 2023/05/8

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