Volume 13, Issue 3 (May & Jun 2022)                   BCN 2022, 13(3): 295-304 | Back to browse issues page

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Azizi Z, Choopani S, Salimi M, Majlessi N, Naghdi N. Protein Kinase C Involvement in Neuroprotective Effects of Thymol and Carvacrol Against Toxicity Induced by Amyloid-β in Rat Hippocampal Neurons. BCN 2022; 13 (3) :295-304
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2028-en.html
1- Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: We have reported that thymol and carvacrol can improve cognitive abilities in Alzheimer Disease (AD) rat models. However, the mechanism of their action is not yet fully understood. Recently, our in vitro results suggested that PC12 cell death induced by Aβ25-35 can be protected by thymol and carvacrol via Protein Kinase C (PKC) and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) pathways. So, we hypothesize that the mechanisms of thymol and carvacrol in improving the learning impairment in the AD rat model may be related to their effects on PKC. So, the activity of PKC and protein expression levels of PKCα were examined in the hippocampal cells of the AD rat model.
Methods: To examine the thymol and carvacrol effects, we performed a behavioral test in AD rat models induced by Aβ25–35 neurotoxicity. To access the underlying mechanism of the protective effects, western blotting was performed with antibodies against PKCα. We also measured the PKC activity assay by Elisa. Histopathological studies were carried out in the hippocampus with Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) staining. 
Results: The escape latency increased in Aβ-received rats compared to the control group, and thymol and carvacrol reversed this deficit. Furthermore, these compounds could enhance the PKC activity and increase the PKCα expression ratio. Moreover, H&E staining showed that Aβ caused shrinkage of the CA1 pyramidal neurons. However, thymol and carvacrol treatments could prevent this effect of Aβ peptides.
Conclusion: This study suggests that Amyloid-Beta (Aβ) results in memory decline and histochemical disturbances in the hippocampus. Moreover, these results revealed that thymol and carvacrol could have protective effects on cognition in AD-like models via PKC activation.
Type of Study: Original |
Received: 2020/12/12 | Accepted: 2021/02/25 | Published: 2022/05/1

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