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1- Rehabilitation Research Center, Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS).
2- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:  
Introduction: Detection of a brief tonal signal at the beginning of a longer masking noise is difficult, but it becomes easier when the onset of signal is delayed. This phenomenon is known as overshoot or temporal effect. Aiming of our study was to investigate the effect of the auditory efferent nerves (AENs) function on the auditory electrophysiological overshoot, further introducing an objective tool examining one of the AENs performances. Therefore, the effect and the trend of changes induced by low and high-frequency stimuli on electrophysiological overshoot in different delay onset time (DOTs) between the signal and the noise before and after dissecting the AENs were studied.
Methods: Right internal auditory canals were exposed in 16 young male guinea pigs weighing 250 to 350 g. The inferior and posterior vestibular nerves that are known to carry AENs were transected in half of the subjects. Then, the ABR waveforms were recorded at 16 & 8 kHz tone burst stimuli at 0, 30, 60, 100 ms DOTs relative to wide-band noise. The value of latency of ABR waves I and III were compared among the different DOTs and five signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) before and after the surgery.
Results: By increasing DOTs, the latency of ABR waves I& III decreased in the control group before and after the surgery and the case group before surgery at 16 kHz. However, the observed overshoot-like effect disappeared after the surgery in the case group. The wave's latency I& III increased from 0 to 30 ms, remained approximately constant from 30 to 60ms, and then began to decrease toward 100 ms DOTs. However, none of the measurements at 8 kHz, before and after surgery at both groups showed an overshoot effect.
Conclusion(s): By using the ABR paradigm, the overshoot phenomenon disappeared after the transection of AENs. The results confirmed the role of the efferent system on auditory overshoot. Therefore, an objective tool to measure auditory efferent function is provided.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
Received: 2019/07/14 | Accepted: 2021/01/24

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