Volume 11, Issue 4 (July & August - Special Issue on Memory, Reward & Stress 2020)                   BCN 2020, 11(4): 517-524 | Back to browse issues page

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Fahanik-Babaei J, Baluchnejadmojarad T, Roghani M. Differential Effect of Amyloid Beta1-40 on Short-term and Long-term Plasticity in Dentate Gyrus of a Rat Model of Alzheimer Disease. BCN 2020; 11 (4) :517-524
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1205-en.html
1- Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Neurophysiology Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: Synaptic plasticity is inappropriately affected by neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer Disease (AD). In this study, we examined the effect of intrahippocampal amyloid-beta (Aβ1-40) on dentate gyrus Long-term Potentiation (LTP) and presynaptic short-term plasticity in a rat model of AD. 
Methods: The experimental groups in this research included the control with no treatment, sham-operated receiving the vehicle (normal saline), and Aβ-lesioned groups. For modeling AD, aggregated Aβ1-40 (10 μg/2 μl on each side) was injected into the hippocampal CA1. Three weeks later, Population Spike (PS) amplitude and slope ratios were determined at different Inter-pulse Intervals (IPI) of 10, 20, 30, and 50 ms as a valid indicator of the short-term presynaptic facilitation and/or depression. In addition, PS amplitude and slope were taken as an index of long-term synaptic plasticity after application of High-frequency Stimulation (HFS) to induce LTP in the medial perforant-dentate gyrus pathway. 
Results: No significant differences were noted amongst the experimental groups regarding fEPSP slope and paired-pulse indices as indicators of short-term plasticity. In contrast, fEPSP slope and PS amplitude significantly decreased following the application of HFS in Aβ-injected group. In addition, there was no significant difference between the control and sham-operated groups regarding the mentioned parameters. 
Conclusion: Findings of this study clearly demonstrated that microinjection of Aβ1-40 into the CA1 could impair LTP in dentate gyrus but could not modify short-term plasticity.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
Received: 2018/05/26 | Accepted: 2018/07/24 | Published: 2020/07/1

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