Volume 7, Issue 3 (Summer 2016 -- 2016)                   BCN 2016, 7(3): 187-194 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezayat E, Ghodrati Toostani I. Review Paper: A Review on Brain Stimulation Using Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound. BCN 2016; 7 (3) :187-194
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-489-en.html
1- Ultrasound Brain Stimulation Lab, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran.
2- Interunidades Bioengenharia (EESC/FMRP/IQSC), Neurocognitive Engineering Lab, Universidade de São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil.

Brain stimulation techniques are important in both basic and clinical studies. Majority of well-known brain stimulating techniques have low spatial resolution or entail invasive processes. Low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) seems to be a proper candidate for dealing with such deficiencies. This review recapitulates studies which explored the effects of LIFU on brain structures and its function, in both research and clinical areas. Although the mechanism of LIFU action is still unclear, its different effects from molecular level up to behavioral level can be explored in animal and human brain. It can also be coupled with brain imaging assessments in future research.

Type of Study: Review | Subject: Cognitive Neuroscience
Received: 2015/07/8 | Accepted: 2016/01/3 | Published: 2016/07/1

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