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1- Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2- Department of Audiology, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Audiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:  

abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was evaluating the effects of bilateral carotid artery occlusion on cochlear oxidative stress and hearing status in rat.

Methods: The rats were divided into two sets. First set used for electrophysiological recording (click and 4 kHz tone burst ABR and EcochG) at day before surgery and 1st, 4th and 7th days after surgery. Animals of second set that used for biochemical analysis. Cochleae of animals in second set were collected at 1st, 4th and 7th days after carotids occlusions for biochemical analysis. For control groups no carotids occlusion took place. To ischemia induction both common carotid arteries were occluded for 20 minutes.

Results: Electrophysiological analysis showed ABR thresholds significantly elevated after common carotid arteries occlusion at 1st, 4th and 7th days after surgery and abnormal EcochG results at 75%, 70% and 85% in 1st, 4th and 7th days after surgery respectively. Electrophysiological finding confirmed by biochemical results that showed Malondialdehyde and Nitric oxide levels were increased and Superoxide dismutase and Catalase activities decreased after occlusion in cochlear tissue.

Conclusion: this study showed that bilateral common carotid artery occlusion increases cochlear oxidative stress and induces hearing loss in rat

Type of Study: Original | Subject: Clinical Neuroscience
Received: 2017/06/21 | Accepted: 2019/05/6

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