Volume 7, Number 1 (Winter 2016 -- 2016)                   BCN 2016, 7(1): 63-73 | Back to browse issues page



PMID: 27303601
PMCID: PMC4892333

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Goudarzvand M, Choopani S, Shams A, Javan M, Khodaii Z, Ghamsari F, et al . Focal Injection of Ethidium Bromide as a Simple Model to Study Cognitive Deficit and Its Improvement. BCN. 2016; 7 (1) :63-73
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-543-en.html

1- PhD Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
2- Master of Sciences in Medical Physiology Physiology and Pharmacology Dept.
3- Assistance Professor of Anatomy, Anatomy Dept., Medical School
4- Associate Professor of Medical Physiology Physiology department, Faculty of medicine,
5- Assistance Professor of Nutrition, Biochemistry and Nutrition Dept.
6- Infectious Medicine Alborz University of Medical Sciences
7- Professor of Physiology Physiology and Pharmacology Dept.
8- Assistance Professor of Anatomical Sciences Biology and Anatomy Dept.
9- Associate Professor of Medical Physiology Physiology dept., Faculty of Medicine
Abstract:  

Introduction: Memory and cognitive impairments are some of devastating outcomes of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) plaques in hippocampus, the gray matter part of the brain. The present study aimed to evaluate the intrahippocampal injection of Ethidium Bromide (EB) as a simple and focal model to assess cognition and gray matter demyelination.
Methods: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into three groups: control group, which received saline, as solvent of EB, into the hippocampus and two experimental groups, which received 3 &muL of EB into the hippocampus, and then, were evaluated 7 and 28 days after EB injection (n=10 in each group), using a 5-day protocol of Morris Water Maze (MWM) task as well as Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) assay.
Results: Seven days after EB injection, the behavioral study revealed a significance increase in travelled distance for platform finding in the experimental group compared to the control group. In addition, the nucleus of oligodendrocyte showed the typical clumped chromatin, probably attributed to apoptosis, and the myelin sheaths of some axons were unwrapped and disintegrated. Twentyeight days after EB injection, the traveled distance and the time spent in target quadrant significantly
decreased and increased, respectively in experimental groups compared to the control group. Also, TEM micrographs revealed a thin layer of remyelination around the axons in 28 days lesion group.
Discussion: While intracerebral or intraventricular injection of EB is disseminated in different parts of the brain and can affect the other motor and sensory systems, this model is confined locally and facilitates behavioral study. Also, this project could show improvement of memory function subsequent to the physiological repair of the gray matter of the hippocampus.

Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2015/04/10 | Accepted: 2015/09/12 | Published: 2016/01/1

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