Volume 4, Number 2 (Spring 2013 -- 2013)                   BCN 2013, 4(2): 136-145 | Back to browse issues page



PMID: 25337340
PMCID: PMC4202540

Cited 0 times in PubMed Central

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Komaki A, Shahidi S, Sarihi A, Hasanein P, Lashgari R, Haghparast A et al . Effects of Neonatal C-Fiber Depletion on Interaction between Neocortical Short-Term and Long-Term Plasticity. BCN. 2013; 4 (2) :136-145
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-361-en.html

Abstract:  

Introduction: The primary somatosensory cortex has an important role in nociceptive sensory-discriminative processing. Altered peripheral inputs produced by deafferentation or by long-term changes in levels of afferent stimulation can result in plasticity of cortex. Capsaicin-induced depletion of C-fiber afferents results in plasticity of the somatosensory system. Plasticity includes short-term and long-term changes in synaptic strength. We studied the interaction between paired-pulse facilitation, as one form of short-term plasticity, with long-term potentiation (LTP) in the neocortex of normal and C-fiber depleted freely moving rat.

Methods:

Neonatally capsaicin-treated rats and their controls were allowed to mature until they reached a weight between 250 and 300g. Then animals were anesthetized with ketamine and xylazine. For recording and stimulation, twisted teflon-coated stainless steel wires were implanted into somatosensory cortex or corpus callusom. In experiments for LTP induction, after two weeks of recovery period, 30 high frequency pulse trains were delivered once per day for 12 days. Paired-pulse ratio (PPR) was monitored before and after the induction of LTP in capsaicin-treated and control rats.

Results:

Paired-pulse stimulation affected all field potential components at intervals < 200 ms. The largest changes occurred at intervals between 20- 30 ms. C-fiber depletion postponed the development of LTP, whereas it had no effect on PPR.

Discussion:

This finding provides further evidence that the expression of this form of LTP is postsynaptic. Furthermore, these results suggest that the effect of C-fiber depletion on cortical LTP is also postsynaptic and, therefore, is not caused by a decrease in neurotransmitter release.

Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
Received: 2013/03/28 | Accepted: 2013/08/23 | Published: 2013/08/23

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