Volume 3, Issue 1 (Autumn 2011 -- 2011)                   BCN 2011, 3(1): 22-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Pouladi F, Ganjgahi H, Zadehmohammadi A, Oghabian M A. Homayoun as a Persian Music Scale on Non-Musician’s Brain: an fMRI Study. BCN. 2011; 3 (1) :22-29
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-194-en.html

Introduction: The aim of this study was to get to a neurological evaluation of one of the Persian music scales, Homayoun, on brain activation of non-musician subjects. We selected this scale because Homayoun is one of the main scales in Persian classical music which is similar to minor mode in western scales.


This study was performed on 19 right handed subjects, Aging 22-31. Here some pieces from Homayoun Dastgah are used in both rhythmic and non-rhythmic.


The results of this study revealed the brain activities for each of rhythmic and non-rhythmic versions of Homayoun Dastgah. The activated regions for non-rhythmic Homayoun contained: right and left Subcallosal Cortex, left Medial Frontal cortex, left anterior Cingulate Gyrus, left Frontal Pole and for rhythmic Homayoun contained: left Precentral Gyrus, left Precuneous Cortex, left anterior Supramarginal, left Superior Parietal Lobule, left Postcentral Gyrus. Also, we acquired amygdala area in both pieces of music.


Based on arousal effects of rhythm and Damasio's somatic marker hypothesis, non-rhythmic Homayoun activates regions related to emotion and thinking while activity of rhythmic Homayoun is related to areas of movement and motion.

Type of Study: Original | Subject: Clinical Neuroscience
Received: 2012/03/29

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