Volume 11, Issue 3 (May & June 2020)                   BCN 2020, 11(3): 269-278 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abbasi Y, Mousavizadeh K, Shabani R, Katebi M, Mehdizadeh M. Behavioral Changes in Combination Therapy of Ethanol and Modafinil on rats Focal Cerebral Ischemia. BCN. 2020; 11 (3) :269-278
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1336-en.html
1- Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. & Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. & Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:  
Introduction: Ethanol is considered as an effective agent in reducing brain stroke injury. In this study, we assessed the effects of modafinil along with ethanol as a combination therapy on behavioral function in Wistar rats.
Methods: The right Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion (MCAO) was performed and the rats were divided into nine groups (n=8 per group). The animal groups in this study were as follows: 1. MCAO control group (ischemia without treatment); 2. vehicle group; 3. modafinil group that was randomly subdivided into three groups receiving different doses of modafinil (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg) for 7 days before MCAO; 4. ethanol group receiving 1.5 g/kg ethanol at the time of reperfusion; 5. modafinil + ethanol group that was further subdivided into three groups receiving modafinil at different doses (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg) for 7 days before MCAO and ethanol at the time of reperfusion. The motor behavior was measured using the Garcia test 24, 48, and 72 h after the ischemia, and the elevated body swing test was performed 48 and 72 h after the ischemia. The anxiety and locomotor activity were analyzed by open field test 48 and 72 h post-ischemia.
Results: The results showed that the neurological deficit score, locomotor activity, and unexpected thigmotaxis (anxiety) in the ethanol, modafinil (in a dose-dependent manner), and ethanol+modafinil treatment groups were significantly higher than the MCAO control group. 
Conclusion: It seems that the combination therapy of modafinil (100 mg/kg) and ethanol (1.5 g/kg) significantly enhanced neuroprotection via an improvement in locomotor activity and neurological functions.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
Received: 2018/09/15 | Accepted: 2019/02/16 | Published: 2020/05/1

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Basic and Clinical Neuroscience

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb