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1- University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran.
Introduction: cognitive abilities are necessary for successful learning. Children with different cognitive ability levels may have diverse performance. This study investigates cognitive profile in children and its relationship with academic performance.  
Method: This is a cross-sectional study and the population consisted of all children in Jajarm city. The subjects were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. 289 students aged 6 to 13 years were included in this study. Data was collected using Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test, coding subtest from Wechsler intelligence scale and behavioral rating inventory of executive functions. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and Scheffe’s post hoc test were used for data analysis.
Results:  Results showed that ‘processing speed’, ‘perceptual organizational ability’, ‘monitoring’, ‘planning’, ‘working memory’, ‘initiate’, ‘emotional regulation’, ‘shifting’ and ‘inhibit ‘were significantly correlated with academic performance (p<0.001).
Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between cognitive profile and academic performance. Thus, teachers need to consider the variable of cognitive abilities in academic success.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cognitive Neuroscience
Received: 2017/11/30 | Accepted: 2018/04/7

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