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1- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
2- Tarbiat Modares University
Abstract:  
Introduction: It is a long time that natural toxin research is being carried out aims to unlock the medical potential of toxins. Although venoms-toxins cause pathophysiological conditions, they may turn out to be effective for therapy of many several diseases. Since toxins, including scorpion toxins target voltage-gated ion channels, they may have profound effects on excitable cells. Therefore, elucidating the cellular and electrophysiological impacts of toxins, particularly scorpion toxins would be helpful in future drug development opportunities.
Methods: Intracellular recording was made from F1 cells of Helix aspersa in the presence of calcium Ringer solution in which Na+ and K+ channels were blocked. Then, the modulation of channel function in the presence of extracellular application of F4 and F6 toxins and Kaliotoxin (50nM & 1μM) was examined by assessing the electrophysiological characteristics of calcium spikes.
Results and Conclusion: The two active toxin fractions, similar to Kaliotoxin, a known Ca2+-activated K+ channel blocker, reduced the amplitude of AHP, enhanced the firing frequency of calcium spikes and broadened the duration of Ca2+ spikes. Therefore it might be inferred that these two new fractions induce neuronal hyperexcitability possibly, in part, by blocking calcium-activated potassium channel current. However, this supposition requires further investigation using voltage clamping technique.

 
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2017/10/26 | Accepted: 2018/04/30 | Published: 2018/05/13

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