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1- Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala Av. De los Barrios 1 Los Reyes Iztacala Tlalnepantla Estado de México, México.
Introduction: It has been suggested that nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAchRs) expressed in the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens (nAcc) play a modulatory role in the effects of drugs of abuse. This research was designed to assess the effects of intra-accumbal administration of the nAchR antagonist mecamylamine and agonist cytisine on the operant oral self-administration of ethanol (EtOH) in rats.
Methods: Male Wistar rats were water deprived for 24 h and then trained to lever-press for EtOH reinforcement on a FR1 schedule for three sessions; thereafter, the number of responses in the FR schedule was increased to 3 until the response rate remained stable at 80%. After this training, the rats received an intra-accumbal injection of the nAchR antagonist mecamylamine (0.0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 µg), then nAchR agonist cytisine (0.0, 0.8, 1.6, 3.2 µg) or the combination of mecamylamine (0.0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0 µg) and cytisine (3.2 µg) before being provided access to EtOH on a FR3 schedule.
Results: The data showed that intra-accumbal administration of mecamylamine reduced operant oral self-administration of EtOH, whereas cytisine increased operant oral self-administration of EtOH. This effect was reversed by mecamylamine.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that nAchRs in the nAcc may modulate the operant oral self-administration of EtOH in rats.

Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2022/10/12 | Accepted: 2023/02/12

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