Volume 15, Issue 2 (March & April 2024)                   BCN 2024, 15(2): 211-220 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Neuroscience and Addiction Studies, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are widely used in transplantation studies. The high purification of this unique cell type is valuable for medical applications. Although recent improvements in OECs isolation procedures opened a new era in this field, the high purification efficacy and viability rate are still of concern. The most widely used OECs isolation techniques can be broadly classified based on adherence properties, particularly in olfactory bulb-derived OEC isolation. Considering the invasive nature of harvesting OECs from human olfactory bulbs, a highly efficient purification of these cells from olfactory mucosa can benefit clinical trials. In this study, we isolated OECs from rats’ olfactory bulbs and mucosa due to their differential adherence properties and compared them. 
Methods: Cell preparations were characterized by NGFR p75 and S100β antibodies, the specific markers for OECs, using immunocytochemistry and western blot analysis, respectively. OECs morphology and viability were monitored over time by microscopy and MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. 
Results: We found that OECs could be purified from the olfactory mucosa using our suggested method as efficiently as the olfactory bulb. Both derived OECs showed high levels of NGFR p75 and S100β expression, although the S100β expression was higher in olfactory mucosa-derived OECs preparations (P<0.05). Moreover, there was no significant difference between the two sources in cell viability in our suggested protocol. 
Conclusion: Due to the non-invasive harvesting method, olfactory mucosa-derived OECs are preferred from a clinical point of view in transplantation studies.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
Received: 2021/01/16 | Accepted: 2022/04/12 | Published: 2024/03/1

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