Reference Guideline

In Basic and Clinical Neuroscience (BCN), citations should conform to the referencing style used by the last version of American Psychological Association (APA) style, Please use Endnote or similar reference managing software to insert the references. Using MS Word References tab to insert the references in the main document is highly preferred and recommended.

In-text citations


Single author:

(Adam, 1992) OR Adam (1992) proved that…

Two authors:

(Ringsven & Morse, 1996) OR In their study, Ringsven and Morse (1996)…

Three to five authors:

First citation: (Lupton, Brunn, & Platt, 2000) OR Lupton, Brunn and Platt (2000)…

Subsequent citations: (Johnson et al., 2002)

Six or more authors:

(White et al., 2001) OR White et al. (2001)…

Reference List:

In addition, all references cited in the text should be listed at the end of the manuscript on a separate page in alphabetical order by authors’ last names. All items in the list of references should be cited in the text and, conversely, all references cited in the text must be presented in the list. Personal communications and unpublished data including manuscripts submitted, but not yet accepted for publication should not be used as a reference, nonetheless, they may be placed in parentheses in the text.  

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes


Book: Single author

(Pegrum, 2009)

Pegrum, M. (2009). From blogs to bombs: The future of electronic technologies in education. Crawley, W.A: UWA Publishing.

Book: 3-5 authors

(Ranzijn, McConnochie, & Nolan, 2009)

Ranzijn, R., McConnochie, K., & Nolan, W. (2009). Psychology and indigenous Australians: Foundations of cultural competence. South Yarra, Vic: Palgrave MacMillan.

Book: More than 6 authors

(Jones et al., 1984)

Jones, E. E., Farina, A., Hastorf, A. H., Markus, H., Miller, D. T., & Scott, R. A. (1984). Social stigma: The psychology of marked relationships. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Book: Editor

(Hallinan, 2006)

Hallinan, M. T. (Ed.). (2006). Handbook of the sociology of education. New York: Springer.

Book: 2 or more editors

(Dawson & Venville, 2007)

Dawson, V., & Venville, G. (Eds.). (2007). The art of teaching primary science. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.

Book: Chapter [i.e. Article] in edited book

(Groundwater-Smith, 2007)

Groundwater-Smith, S. (2007). As rain is to fields, so good teachers are to students. In S. Knipe (Ed.), Middle years schooling: Reframing adolescence (pp. 151-170). Frenchs Forest, N.S.W: Pearson Education Australia.

Persian Book

(Alavi, 2009)

Alavi, M. (2009). [General Psychology (Persian)]. Tehran: Negah Publishing.

Journal Articles

Journal article: 6 or more authors

(Sohrabi et al., 2011)

Sohrabi, H. R., Weinborn, M., Badcock, J., Bates, K. A., Clarnette, R., Trivedi, D., Martins, R. N. (2011). New lexicon and criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet Neurology, 10(4), 299-300.

Journal article online: No DOI supplied (free on the Web)

(Thomas & Bosch, 2005)

Thomas, K., & Bosch, B. (2005). An exploration of the impact of chronic fatigue syndrome and implications for psychological service provision. E-Journal of Applied Psychology: Clinical Section, 1(1), 23-40. Retrieved from

Journal article online: Digital Object Identifier supplied

(Almeida, Dickinson, Mayberry, Badcock, & Badcock, 2010)

Almeida, R. A., Dickinson, J., Maybery, M. T., Badcock, J. C., & Badcock, D. R. (2010).Visual search performance in the autism spectrum II: The radial frequency search task with additional segmentation cues. Neuropsychologia, 48(14), 4117-4124.

Journal article online: in preprint archive

(Martinez, in press)

Martinez, M. (in press). Imperative content and the painfulness of pain. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. Retrieved from

Journal article submitted for publication

Delgado, Suriyagoda, Zúñiga-Feest, Borie, & Lambers, 2014)

Delgado M., Suriyagoda L., Zúñiga-Feest A., Borie F., Lambers H. (2014). Divergent functioning of Proteaceae species: The South American Embothrium coccineum displays a combination of adaptive traits to survive in high-phosphorus soils. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Persian article

(Sohrabi et al., 2011)

Sohrabi, A. (2011). [Cognitive psychology: from brain to society (Persian)]. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 10(4), 299-300.

Conference Papers and Proceedings

Paper in conference proceedings in print

(Game, 2001)

Game, A. (2001). Creative ways of being. In J. R. Morss, N. Stephenson & J. F. H. Rappard (Eds.), Theoretical issues in psychology: Proceedings of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology 1999 Conference (pp. 3-12). Sydney: Springer.

Paper in conference proceedings online: Electronic database

(Balakrishnan, 2006)

Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March). Why aren’t we using 3d user interfaces,and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces.

Conference papers: Unpublished

(Santhanam, Martin, Goody & Hicks, 2001)

Santhanam, E., Martin, K., Goody, A., & Hicks, O. (2011). Bottom-up steps towards closing the loop in feedback on teaching: A CUTSD project. Paper presented at Teaching and Learning Forum – Expanding horizons in teaching and learning, Perth, Australia, 7-9 February 2001.


Thesis in print: Published

(May, 2007)

May, B. (2007) A survey of radial velocities in the zodiacal dust cloud. Bristol, UK: Canopus Publishing

Thesis online: Electronic database

(Rich, 1989)

Rich, P. D. (1989). The rule of ritual in the Arabian Gulf, 1858-1947: The influence of English public schools (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses – UK & Ireland. (AAT 8918197)

Web sources

Web page

(Australian Psychological Society, 2008)

Australian Psychological Society. (2008). Substance abuse: Position statement. Retrieved from

Web page: No author

(“Improve indigenous housing”, 2007)

Improve indigenous housing now, governments told. (2007). Retrieved from

Web page: No date

(Jones, n.d.)

Jones, M. D. (n.d.). Commentary on indigenous housing initiatives. Retrieved from

Webpage: No author or date: With quote

(“Mindfulness mediation”, n.d., para 8)

Mindfulness meditation. (n.d.). Retrieved from

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