دوره 11، شماره 1 - ( 10-1398 )                   جلد 11 شماره 1 صفحات 41-48 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Khamse S, Sadr S S, Roghani M, Rashvand M, Mohammadian M, Marefati N, et al . The Effect of Rosmarinic Acid on Apoptosis and nNOS Immunoreactivity Following Intrahippocampal Kainic Acid Injections in Rats. BCN. 2020; 11 (1) :41-48
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-753-fa.html
The Effect of Rosmarinic Acid on Apoptosis and nNOS Immunoreactivity Following Intrahippocampal Kainic Acid Injections in Rats. مجله علوم اعصاب پایه و بالینی. 1398; 11 (1) :41-48

URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-753-fa.html


چکیده:  
Introduction: Kainic Acid (KA) is an ionotropic glutamate receptor agonist. KA can induce neuronal overactivity and excitotoxicity. Rosmarinic Acid (RA) is a natural polyphenolic compound with antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-neurodegenerative, and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to assess the effect of RA on apoptosis, nNOS-positive neurons number, as well as Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) and Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) immunoreactivity, following intrahippocampal Kainic acid injection in rats. 
Methods: The study rats were randomly assigned to three groups of sham, KA (KA was injected into the right side of the hippocampus) and KA+RA (a dose of 10 mg/kg/day through a gavage needle for one week before KA injection). Then, histopathological changes, including apoptosis [Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase (TdT) dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) assay], nNOS-positive neurons number, as well as COX-2 and MAPK immunoreactivity were evaluated in the hippocampus. 
Results: In the RA pretreated group, nNOS-positive neurons and TUNEL- positive cells were significantly reduced compared to the KA group (P<0.05). COX-2and MAPK immunoreactivity demonstrated no significant changes compared to the KA group. They indicated a significant higher reactivity for COX-2 (P<0.01) and MAPK (P<0.005) versus the sham group. 
Conclusion: RA had neuroprotective effects, compared to KA, through reduced apoptosis and nNOS-positive neurons, but not MAPK and COX-2. 
نوع مطالعه: Original | موضوع مقاله: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
دریافت: 1395/1/24 | پذیرش: 1397/8/5 | انتشار: 1398/10/11

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