دوره 6، شماره 2 - ( Spring 2015 -- 1394 )                   جلد 6 شماره 2 صفحات 123-132 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Es'haghi F, Shahabi P, Frounchi J, Sadighi M, Yousefi H. Investigation of ECG Changes in Absence Epilepsy on WAG/ Rij Rats. BCN. 2015; 6 (2) :123-132
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-545-fa.html
Investigation of ECG Changes in Absence Epilepsy on WAG/ Rij Rats. مجله علوم اعصاب پایه و بالینی. 1394; 6 (2) :123-132

URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-545-fa.html


چکیده:  
Introduction: Seizures are symptoms associated with abnormal electrical activity in electroencephalogram (EEG). The present study was designed to determine the effect of absence seizure on heart rate (HR) changes in electrocardiogram (ECG). 
Methods: HR alterations were recorded simultaneous with spike and wave discharges (SWD) by EEG in 6 WAG/Rij rats as a well characterized and validated genetic animal epilepsy model. Moreover, 6 control rats were used to distinguish the differences of HR changes between various groups. Electrodes were placed on the skull and under the chest skin, minimizing time delay and signal attenuation. HR was calculated by an adaptable algorithm based on continues wavelet transform (CWT) particular for this study. Three main features of HR minimum, maximum, and mean values were estimated for pre-ictal and ictal intervals for all seizures. 
Results: ECG beats detected with sensitivity of 99.9% and positive predictability of 99.8% based on CWT. HR deceleration was found in 86% of the seizures. There were statistically significant (P<0.001) reductions of these values from pre-ictal to ictal intervals. Interictal HR acceleration and ictal deceleration were the major feature of alterations and in 23% of seizures, this decrease had priority to the onsets. 
Discussion: These findings may lead to design a seizure alarm system based on HR and to obtain new insights about sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) phenomenon and side-effects of antiepileptic drugs (AED).
نوع مطالعه: Original | موضوع مقاله: Computational Neuroscience
دریافت: ۱۳۹۳/۸/۱۷ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۳/۱۲/۱۱ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۴/۱/۱۲

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