Volume 5, Issue 1 (Winter 2014 -- 2014)                   BCN 2014, 5(1): 28-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Rashedi V, Rezaei M, Gharib M. Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. BCN. 2014; 5 (1) :28-30
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-465-en.html
1- Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Hamadan, Iran.
3- Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Mild cognitive impairment can be considered as an intermediate clinical state between normal cognitive aging and mild dementia. Elderly people with this impairment represent an at-risk group for the development of dementia. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older adults by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and its relationship with socio-demographic variables. 

Methods: In this analytical-descriptive study, 212 subjects admitted to Hamadan’s day care centers were selected through simple random sampling method. To gather the data, MMSE was used as well as a questionnaire containing demographic variables. Data analysis was completed through SPSS-16. 
Results: The sample consisted of 17.9% male, 59.4% of whom were married. According to the results, 96 cases (45.3%) suffered from mild (MMSE&ge22), 110 cases (51.9%) from moderate (11&leMMSE&le21) and 6 cases (2.8%) from severe cognitive disorder (MMSE&le10). As findings revealed, factors such as age (Pv = 0.005, r = -0.491) and schooling (Pv < 0.001) are of significant relationship with MMSE score.
Discussion: Prevalence of cognitive decline in community-dwelling older adults was of normal range. Hence, familial relations and social support can decrease mental status disorder.
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Behavioral Neuroscience
Received: 2013/01/19 | Accepted: 2013/05/20 | Published: 2014/01/1

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