دوره 1، شماره 3 - ( Spring 2010 -- 1389 )                   جلد 1 شماره 3 صفحات 44-49 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Khodadadi A, Dezfouli A, Fakhari P, Ekhtiari H. Effects of Methadone Maintenance Treatment on Decision-Making Processes in Heroin-Abusers: A Cognitive Modeling Analysis. BCN. 2010; 1 (3) :44-49
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-37-fa.html
Effects of Methadone Maintenance Treatment on Decision-Making Processes in Heroin-Abusers: A Cognitive Modeling Analysis. مجله علوم اعصاب پایه و بالینی. 1389; 1 (3) :44-49

URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-37-fa.html


چکیده:  

A B S T R A C T

Introduction: Although decision-making processes have become a principal target of study among addiction researchers, few researches are published according to effects of different treatment methods on the cognitive processes underlying decision making up to now. Utilizing cognitive modeling method, in this paper we examine the effects of Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) on cognitive processes underlying decision-making disorders in heroin-abusers.

 Methods: For this purpose, for the first time, we use the balloon analog risk task (BART) to assess the decision-making ability of heroin-abusers before and after treatment and compare it to the non heroin-dependent subjects.

 Results: Results demonstrate that heroin-abusers show more risky behavior than other groups. But, there is no difference between the performance of heroin-abusers after 6 months of MMT and control group. Modeling subjects’ behavior in BART reveals that poor performance in heroin-abusers is due to reward-dependency and insensitivity to evaluation.

 Discussion: Results show that 6 months of MMT decreases reward-dependency and increases sensitivity to evaluation.

نوع مطالعه: Original | موضوع مقاله: Cellular and molecular Neuroscience
دریافت: ۱۳۸۸/۱۱/۳۰

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