Volume 3, Issue 1 (Autumn 2011 -- 2011)                   BCN 2011, 3(1): 22-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Pouladi F, Ganjgahi H, Zadehmohammadi A, Oghabian M A. Homayoun as a Persian Music Scale on Non-Musician’s Brain: an fMRI Study. BCN. 2011; 3 (1) :22-29
URL: http://bcn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-194-en.html
Abstract:  

Introduction: The aim of this study was to get to a neurological evaluation of one of the Persian music scales, Homayoun, on brain activation of non-musician subjects. We selected this scale because Homayoun is one of the main scales in Persian classical music which is similar to minor mode in western scales.

Methods:

This study was performed on 19 right handed subjects, Aging 22-31. Here some pieces from Homayoun Dastgah are used in both rhythmic and non-rhythmic.

Result:

The results of this study revealed the brain activities for each of rhythmic and non-rhythmic versions of Homayoun Dastgah. The activated regions for non-rhythmic Homayoun contained: right and left Subcallosal Cortex, left Medial Frontal cortex, left anterior Cingulate Gyrus, left Frontal Pole and for rhythmic Homayoun contained: left Precentral Gyrus, left Precuneous Cortex, left anterior Supramarginal, left Superior Parietal Lobule, left Postcentral Gyrus. Also, we acquired amygdala area in both pieces of music.

Discussion:

Based on arousal effects of rhythm and Damasio's somatic marker hypothesis, non-rhythmic Homayoun activates regions related to emotion and thinking while activity of rhythmic Homayoun is related to areas of movement and motion.

Type of Study: Original | Subject: Clinical Neuroscience
Received: 2012/03/29

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