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1- PhD candidate of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation Research Center, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- MS candidate of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:  
Background: Activity of daily living as an ultimate goal of rehabilitation relies on cultural and environmental factor. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire based on Occupational therapy practice frame to accurately evaluate the occupational performance of Iranian children.
Methods: This scale was developed in two phases of planning and constructing. The planning phase involved a literature review and a collection of the available evaluation tools in the area. The advice of two expert panels was used to develop a preliminary 87-item questionnaire.  In the construction phase, 40 parents were surveyed to assess the popularity of the activities in Iran.  After a face to content validation, the final version of the questionnaire was prepared with 93 items.
Results: The final 93-item questionnaire was used to assess the daily activity of 3-6 year old children. The 93 items, selected according to criteria found in the literature and the panel of experts, were categorized in 6 areas of occupational therapy practice framework (bathing/showering, washing, personal hygiene, toileting, eating/feeding, functional mobility).
Conclusion: The activity of daily living for Iranian children is a useful and culturally relevant tool for measuring the occupational performance of Iranian children. It can be utilized in clinical and population-based researches.
     

Received: 2020/10/18 | Accepted: 2018/03/15

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